Site icon Howtodoandroid

How to display popupwindow in android with example

popup window android example

Popupwindow is a floating view that is displayed on top of an activity. Android provides a PopupWindow class for creating a popup window with a custom design.

It is present from the first versions of the API but is not as popular as other dialog boxes due to the need for additional configuration, which is not always necessary.

Android PopupWindow is very useful when you want to show the dialog just over the view items. For Example, you can able to show the dialog near the option of your cardview / button view.

Check out my popup window android example demo.

Now we are going to create a popup window shown in the popupwindow example video.

1. Adding Dependencies

In this example, we are going to show a list of items in the recyclerview. So, we need recyclerview and cardview dependencies.

dependencies { ... implementation "androidx.cardview:cardview:1.0.0" implementation "androidx.recyclerview:recyclerview:1.1.0" }
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

I have explained about using recyclerview and cardview in a separate post. Please check it in the links.

Recyclerview Android Example [Beginners]

Cardview Android Example [beginners]

2. Create PopupWindow Layouts

PopupWindow Design

As mentioned in the design, First we need to create a popupWindow layout with recyclerview.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <androidx.cardview.widget.CardView xmlns:android="" xmlns:app="" xmlns:tools="" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" app:cardElevation="8dp"> <androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView android:id="@+id/recyclerView" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" app:layoutManager="androidx.recyclerview.widget.LinearLayoutManager" tools:listitem="@layout/alert_filter_item" tools:itemCount="5" app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent" app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent" app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent" app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" /> </androidx.cardview.widget.CardView>
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

Recyclerview needs an adapter view to hold the popup items. So, we need to create an adapter layout file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <androidx.cardview.widget.CardView xmlns:android="" xmlns:app="" xmlns:tools="" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="50dp"> <androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout android:id="@+id/alert_filter_item_layout" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="50dp" android:padding="5dp"> <ImageView android:id="@+id/alert_filter_icon" android:layout_width="30dp" android:layout_height="30dp" android:layout_marginStart="8dp" app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent" app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent" app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" tools:src="@tools:sample/backgrounds/scenic" /> <TextView android:id="@+id/alert_filter_name" android:layout_width="150dp" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_marginStart="8dp" android:textSize="16sp" android:textStyle="bold" android:textColor="@android:color/black" app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent" app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/alert_filter_icon" app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" tools:text="@tools:sample/first_names" /> <ImageView android:id="@+id/alert_filter_selected" android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_marginStart="16dp" android:background="@drawable/ic_check_black_24dp" app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent" app:layout_constraintStart_toEndOf="@+id/alert_filter_name" app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" /> </androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout> </androidx.cardview.widget.CardView>
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)
Popup Menu Items

3. Implement PopupWindow With Data

We are using recyclerview in the popup window. so, we need a model class to hold the data.

data class FilterItem(val icon:Int,val name: String)
Code language: CSS (css)

Also, we need to create an adapter to set up popup items.

class AlertFilterAdapter(val context: Context) : RecyclerView.Adapter<AlertFilterAdapter.MyViewHolder>() { var filerList : List<FilterItem> = mutableListOf() private var selectedItem: Int = -1 var callback: RecyclerviewCallbacks<FilterItem>? = null fun addAlertFilter(filers: List<FilterItem>) { filerList = filers.toMutableList() notifyDataSetChanged() } fun selectedItem(position: Int){ selectedItem = position notifyItemChanged(position) } override fun onBindViewHolder(holder: MyViewHolder, p1: Int) { val item = filerList[p1] holder.tvName.text = holder.alert_filter_icon.background = ContextCompat.getDrawable(context, item.icon) if(p1 == selectedItem) { if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) { holder.alert_filter_icon.backgroundTintList = ContextCompat.getColorStateList(context, R.color.color_blue) } holder.tvName.setTextColor(ContextCompat.getColor(context,R.color.color_blue)) holder.alert_filter_selected.visibility = View.VISIBLE } else { holder.alert_filter_selected.visibility = View.INVISIBLE } } fun setOnClick(click: RecyclerviewCallbacks<FilterItem>){ callback = click } override fun onCreateViewHolder(p0: ViewGroup, p1: Int): MyViewHolder { val view = LayoutInflater.from(p0.context).inflate(R.layout.alert_filter_item,p0,false) return MyViewHolder(view) } override fun getItemCount(): Int { return filerList.size } inner class MyViewHolder(item: View) : RecyclerView.ViewHolder(item) { var tvName:TextView = itemView.findViewById( var alert_filter_icon: ImageView = itemView.findViewById( var alert_filter_selected: ImageView = itemView.findViewById( var filterLayout: ConstraintLayout = itemView.findViewById( init { setClickListener(filterLayout) } private fun setClickListener(view: View) { view.setOnClickListener { callback?.onItemClick(it, adapterPosition, filerList[adapterPosition]) } } } }
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

In the Adapter, set the click listener interface for the popup window click callbacks.

interface RecyclerviewCallbacks<T> { fun onItemClick(view: View, position: Int, item: T) }
Code language: PHP (php)

Already, we have created layouts and adapters for the PopupWindows. Let’s create the PopupWindow.

private fun showAlertFilter(): PopupWindow { val inflater = getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE) as LayoutInflater val view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.alter_filter_layout, null) val recyclerView = view.findViewById<RecyclerView>( recyclerView.addItemDecoration(DividerItemDecoration(recyclerView.context, DividerItemDecoration.VERTICAL)) val adapter = AlertFilterAdapter(this) adapter.addAlertFilter(getFilterItems()) recyclerView.adapter = adapter adapter.selectedItem(selectedItem) adapter.setOnClick(object : RecyclerviewCallbacks<FilterItem> { override fun onItemClick(view: View, position: Int, item: FilterItem) { selectedItem = position Toast.makeText(this@MainActivity, "data = $item", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show() dismissPopup() } }) return PopupWindow(view, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT) }
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

In the above code, I am using adapter.setOnClick to pass the implementation of the RecyclerviewCallbacks interface to receive the callbacks of the popup window items.

4. Show / Hide the PopupWindow

Now, our popup window is ready to display. So, whenever we need to show the popup window. call the below code.

filterPopup = showAlertFilter() filterPopup?.isOutsideTouchable = true filterPopup?.isFocusable = true filterPopup?.setBackgroundDrawable(ColorDrawable(Color.TRANSPARENT)) filterPopup?.showAsDropDown(optionMore)
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

To dismiss the popup window,

filterPopup?.let { if(it.isShowing){ it.dismiss() } filterPopup = null }
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

That’s it. Now we can able to show and hide the popup window in android.

Download the example code from Github.


Thanks for reading.

Please try this with an example and let me know your feedback in the comments.

Also, check out my other post on kotlin,

Android capture image from camera programmatically

Implementing Pull To Refresh In Android

Android Image Slider With Indicator Example

Please share if you like it.

Exit mobile version